Did Busted really make it to the Year 3000?



This paper investigates the plausibility of Busted making it to the year 3000 and if, on arriving, “everyone was underwater”, as depicted in the lyrics and music video to their song “Year 3000”. The velocity required to achieve sufficient time dilation to transport the band and their neighbour to the Year 3000, from 2002, in the 7 s of travel shown in the music video, was calculated as 2.9979245799…x108 ms-1. The energy required to achieve this speed was determined to be approximately 4.267x1029 J. Finally, literature models of sea-level rise were investigated to determine if Busted’s home town, Southend-on-Sea would be underwater in the year 3000. Even extreme predictive models showed it to still be above water; this, in addition to the large velocity and energy requirements question the legitimacy of Busted’s ventures.


Music; Physics; Special relativity; Environment; Busted; Year 3000

Full Text:



BBC (2018) Busted: English Band. Formed 2001. BBC Music. Available at: https://www.bbc.co.uk/music/artists/35b9706f-a6bb-4876-acf3-94fb82c62388 [Accessed 14th March 2018]

Busted (2003) Year 3000. In: Busted. [CD: Single] MCSTDT 40306, 077 004-2, 0 440-077004-2 6. Island Records.

Hodges, J. (2002) Busted, Busted, Review. BBC Music. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/reviews/n4gb/ [Accessed 14th March 2018]

BustedVEVO (2014) Busted - Year 3000. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tu7HoGZaspo [Accessed 14th March 2018]

Tipler, P. & Mosca, G. (2008) Physics for Scientists and Engineers. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company.

Wolfram Alpha LLC (2018) Wolfram|Alpha. Available at: http://www.wolframalpha.com/ [Accessed 14th March 2018]

OnAverage (2018a) Average Child Weight. Available at: https://www.onaverage.co.uk/body-averages/average-child-weight [Accessed 14th March 2018]

OnAverage (2018b). Average Weight of a Man. Available at: https://www.onaverage.co.uk/body-averages/average-weight-of-a-man [Accessed 14th March 2018]

Octane (2014) 1970-1979 VAUXHALL Viva HC specifications. Available at: http://www.classicandperformancecar.com/vauxhall/viva/3411/1970-1979-vauxhall-viva-hc [Accessed 14th March 2018]

EIA (2017) International Energy Outlook 2017. US Energy Information Administration. Available at: https://www.eia.gov/outlooks/ieo/pdf/0484(2017).pdf [Accessed 14th March 2018]

Goelzer, H., Huybrechts, P., Raper, S.C.B., Loutre, M-F., Goosse, H. & Fichet, T. (2012) Millennial total sea-level commitments projected with the Earth system model of intermediate complexity LOVECLIM. Environmental Research Letters, 7(4), 045401. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/045401

DeConto, R. & Pollard, D. (2016) Contribution of Antarctica to past and future sea-level rise. Nature, Volume 531, pp. 591-597. DOI: 10.1038/nature17145

WorldAtlas (2015) Where Is Southend-On-Sea, England. Available at: https://www.worldatlas.com/eu/gb/eng/where-is-southend-on-sea.html [Accessed 14th March 2018]

Smith, O. (2016) The world's longest pier - in numbers. Available at: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/destinations/europe/united-kingdom/england/articles/southend-pier-in-numbers/ [Accessed 14th March 2018]


  • There are currently no refbacks.
We use both functional and performance cookies to improve visitor experience. Continue browsing if you are happy to accept cookies. Please see our Privacy Policy for more information.