How much comfort can you get from a chocolate bar?

Kinnari NAIK

Abstract


The purpose of this paper was to explore a hypothetical experiment to identify a correlation between the change in blood serotonin levels and mood in an individual after a fixed quantity of chocolate is ingested. Blood levels would be taken 0, 1 and 2 hours and expressed as nano-grams per millilitres (ng/ml) of serotonin. Mood changes would be assessed using the Bond-Lader Visual Analogue Scales.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bruinsma, K. & Taren, D. (1999) Chocolate: food or drug? Journal of American Dietetic Association., 99(10), pp.1249-1256. DOI: 10.1016/S0002-8223(99)00307-7

Scholey, A. & Owen, L. (2013) Effects of chocolate on cognitive function and mood: a systematic review. Nutrition Reviews, 71(10), pp.665-681. DOI: 10.1111/nure.12065

Massee, L., Ried, K., Pase, M., Travica, N., Yoganathan, J., Scholey, A., Macpherson, H., Kennedy, G., Sali, A. & Pipingas, A. (2015) The acute and sub-chronic effects of cocoa flavanols on mood, cognitive and cardiovascular health in young healthy adults: a randomized, controlled trial. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 6. DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2015.00093

Ostertag, L., Philo, M., Colquhoun, I., Tapp, H., Saha, S., Duthie, G., Kemsley, E., de Roos, B., Kroon, P. and Le Gall, G. (2017). Acute Consumption of Flavan-3-ol-Enriched Dark Chocolate Affects Human Endogenous Metabolism. Journal of Proteome Research, 16(7), pp.2516-2526. DOI: 10.1021/pr900607v

Martínez-Pinilla, E., Oñatibia-Astibia, A. & Franco, R. (2015) The relevance of theobromine for the beneficial effects of cocoa consumption. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 6, 30. DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2015.00030

Jenkins, T., Nguyen, J., Polglaze, K. and Bertrand, P. (2016) Influence of Tryptophan and Serotonin on Mood and Cognition with a Possible Role of the Gut-Brain Axis. Nutrients, 8(12), p.56. DOI: 10.3390/nu8010056

Ucsfbenioffchildrens.org (2018) Serum Serotonin Level | Medical Tests | UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital. Available at: https://www.ucsfbenioffchildrens.org/tests/003562.html [Accessed 21st February 2018]

Guillén-Casla, V., Rosales-Conrado, N., León-González, M., Pérez-Arribas, L. & Polo-Díez, L. (2012) Determination of serotonin and its precursors in chocolate samples by capillary liquid chromatography with mass spectrometry detection. Journal of Chromatography A, 1232, pp.158-165. DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2011.11.037

Camilleri, M. (2009). Serotonin in the gastrointestinal tract. Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity, 16(1), pp.53-59. DOI: 10.1097/MED.0b013e32831e9c8e

Pase, M., Scholey, A., Pipingas, A., Kras, M., Nolidin, K., Gibbs, A., Wesnes, K. & Stough, C. (2013) Cocoa polyphenols enhance positive mood states but not cognitive performance: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 27(5), pp.451-458. DOI: 10.1177/0269881112473791


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
We use both functional and performance cookies to improve visitor experience. Continue browsing if you are happy to accept cookies. Please see our Privacy Policy for more information.
OK